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Australia: 1994.

AO: Haiti

Background: On 30 September 1991, President Aristide (the democratically elected president), was overthrown in a coup de’tat, headed by Lieutenant-General Raoul Cedras and forced into exile. The violent and unconstitutional actions of the Haitian military forces were immediately and strongly condemned by the international community.

The Multinational Force (MNF), Haiti, was authorised by the Security Council of the United Nations in July 1994 and was instructed to bring about the end to the regime that ousted the country's democratically elected government in 1991, and ensure the return of President Aristide.

In September 1994, the President of the United States, Bill Clinton, stated that all diplomatic efforts had been exhausted and, in accordance with Security Council resolution 940 (1994), force might be used to remove the military leadership from power in Haiti and ensure the return of the democratic Government of President Aristide.

The military involvement in Haiti began on 19 September 1994, in which the US led a 28 nation MNF into Haiti – unopposed. On 28 September 1994, LTGEN Cedras resigned as Commander-in-Chief of the Haitian Armed Forces. UNMIH followed with UNMOs monitoring the progress of Resolution 940.

Deployed: 3 Army personnel (2 x CAPT and 1 x SSGT) and a number of Australian police officers. The MNF included police officers from a number of countries including Australia and was the first overseas mission where Australian Police Officers were armed.

Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 19 July 2006 : Hazardous Service on or after 17 September 1994.

Awards: Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp 'HAITI' ; Multination Force Haiti (US)  Campaign Medal ; may be entitled to the United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) medal.

ASM 1988
ASM with Clasp