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Operation CITADEL / Operation SPIRE

Australia: Operation CITADEL - 20 May 2002 to 19 May 2004 / Operation Spire - 20 May 2004 to 25 June 2005

AO: East Timor and the territorial sea of East Timor.

The UN Mission in Support of East Timor (UNMISET) was established by UN resolution 1272/99 on 25 October 2000 and implemented on East Timor's Independence Day, 20 May 2002. Operation Citadel was established to replace Operation Tanager and to consolidate the achievements of the UN Transitional Administration in East Timor (UNTAET) following East Timor's independence. Operation Citadel involved the post-independence deployment of Australian combat battalion groups (Ausbatt) to support the UN Mission of Support in East Timor (UNMISET) Peacekeeping Force.

After the original UN mandate expired on 20 May 2004, the United Nations Security Council on 14 May 2004 adopted a resolution to extend the UNMISET mandate for six months, with a view to subsequently extending it further for a final period of six months, until 20 May 2005. The Australian Government agreed to offer further support and committed about 100 ADF personnel to the revised UN Peacekeeping Force under Operation SPIRE. They undertook a range of roles supporting the UN, mainly performing specialist logistics, engineering, communications, monitoring and military liaison tasks.

Deployed: Australian Combined Battle Group including Infantry, Armour, Engineers, Signals, Military Geo-spatial Information det, Health Supplementation Team, Logistics, Military Police and military working dogs ; Peacekeeping Force Headquarters in Dili ; three Blackhawk helicopters based at Moleana ; United Nations Military Observers throughout Timor-Leste ; Australian National Command Element ; RAAF and RAN Support.
Estimated Total of 3,200 personnel.

Operation CITADEL Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 16 September 2003: Warlike Service as a member of the ADF allotted for service during the period 20 May 2002 to 17 August 2003.

Operation SPIRE Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 8 December 2005: Non-warlike Service as a member of the ADF assigned for service on Operation SPIRE on or after 20 May 2004.

Awards: Australian Active Service Medal (AASM) with Clasp 'EAST TIMOR' to 17 Aug 2003 ; Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp 'EAST TIMOR' from 18 August 03 ; UNMISET Medal.

ASM 1988 UNTAET Medal
AASM with Clasp
ASM with Clasp