AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE FORCE CONTRIBUTION TO THE UNITED NATIONS INTEGRATED MISSION IN TIMOR-LESTE (UNMIT)

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Operation TOWER

Australia: 17 July 2006 – 31 December 2012

AO: East Timor and the territorial sea of East Timor.

History: The UNMIT was established by United Nations Security Council Resolution 1704 following civil unrest in East Timor on 25 August 2006. UNMIT was the UN’s fifth East Timor mission since 1999 and the third since Independence in 2002. Its objectives were "to support the Government in consolidating stability, enhancing a culture of democratic governance, and facilitating political dialogue among Timorese stakeholders, in their efforts to bring about a process of national reconciliation and to foster social cohesion".

With representation from 13 countries, the UNMIT Military Liaison Group conducted daily monitoring of the security environment as well as providing military advice on the restoration and maintenance of security.

Deployed: The ADF contributed four personnel to UNMIT: three ADF personnel who deployed as military liaison officers in districts outside Dili and one officer with the Headquarters of UNMIT in Dili. ADF members were also employed as staff officers based at UNMIT headquarters in Dili. 49 police

These and other Military Liaison Officers played a crucial role in security reform, including contributing to the professional development of the East Timor Defence Force (F-FDTL) by designing and delivering Liaison Officer training to F-FDTL officers and Senior Noncommissioned Officers (SNCOs).

The Prime Minister of East Timor and the senior leadership of the F-FDTL officially recognised the importance of this training, enhancing the ADF’s profile with the F-FDTL as well as positively reinforcing Australia’s contribution to UNMIT.

UN Factsheet

MRCA: Military Rehabilitation Compensation Act 2004 – Non-warlike Service.

Awards: Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp 'TIMOR-LESTE' ; UNMIT Medal.
ASM 1988

ASM with Clasp 'TIMOR-LESTE'
UNMIT Medal

UNMIT Medal