UNITED NATIONS MISSION IN ETHIOPIA & ERITREA (UNMEE)Operation POMELO
Australia: 15 January 2001 – 21 February 2005
AO: Ethiopia and Eritrea
Deployed: 2 Army Observers (ADF officers) deployed at any one time. Total: 16
In June 2000, after two years of fighting in a border dispute, Ethiopia and Eritrea signed a cessation of hostilities agreement following proximity talks led by Algeria and the Organisation of African Unity. In July, the Security Council set up United Nations Mission in Ethiopia and Eritrea to maintain liaison with the parties and establish the mechanism for verifying the ceasefire.
In September 2000, the Council authorised deployment within UNMEE of up to 4,200 military personnel. The mission involved the monitoring of the cessation of hostilities in the region, troop deployments and the temporary security zone between Ethiopia and Eritrea. The mission also provided assistance to the Ethiopian and Eritrean Border Commission talks on marking the international border.
Australian Defence Force personnel were deployed to support the UNMEE in an observer capacity (United Nations Military Observer (UNMO). They worked in UNMEE Force Headquarters positions undertaking staff functions that included support engineering, military de-mining planning, mapping and geo-spatial advice, force training advice and training mission personnel.
Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 28 February 2001: Non-warlike Service.
Awards: Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp ‘ETHIOPIA/ERITREA’ ; UNMEE Medal.
ASM with Clasp ‘ETHIOPIA/ERITREA’