AUSTRALIAN DEFENCE FORCE'S CONTRIBUTION TO THE PROVISION OFOperation KRUGER
SECURITY AND SUPPORT FOR THE AUSTRALIAN EMBASSY AND ITS STAFF IN IRAQ
Australia: 1 July 2008 - 9 August 2011
Area of Operations: Iraq
Operation Kruger was the Australian Defence Force's contribution to the provision of dedicated security and support to the Australian Embassy and its staff operating in Iraq since the conclusion of combat operations in 2003 until mid-2011.
Initially deployed under Operation Catalyst, Security Detachment Iraq (SECDET Iraq) transitioned to Operation Kruger on 1 July 2008 and remained in Baghdad after the ADF's larger commitment to the rehabilitation of Iraq concluded in mid 2009. During the eight years of security operations, the SECDET adjusted its capability to reflect periods of increasing danger or improved security in post-2003 Iraq.
SECDET was based on an Australian Army combined arms combat team consisting of an Infantry company group and a troop of Cavalry which operated the Australian Light Armoured (ASLAV) vehicles. Duties included physical security for the Embassy precinct in Baghdad and the close personal protection for key Australian government officials as well as protected transport for travel within Baghdad and other areas of Iraq.
In association with the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, SECDET gradually scaled back the provision of security and assisted in the transition to a contracted security solution in line with that provided to other Australian diplomatic missions. SECDET was withdrawn in August 2011 after the complete transfer of security responsibilities to the civilian contractor took place in late July 2011 when the operation came to an end.
Deployed: Approximately 80 - 100 ADF personnel at any one time until scaled down in 2011.
Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 11 February 2009: Warlike Service.
Awards: Australian Active Service Medal (AASM) with Clasp 'IRAQ 2003' - 1 day/1 sortie ; Iraq Medal (Iraq-Medal-S154-09-Determination.pdf).
AASM with Clasp