The Australian Defence Force contribution to the United Nations and African Union Mission in Darfur (UNAMID)
Australia: 28 July 2008 – August 2009.
AO: Darfur, Sudan.
Background: Darfur is a region in western Sudan. It was an independent sultanate for several hundred years, incorporated into Sudan by Anglo-Egyptian forces in 1916. Because of the civil war in Darfur between Sudanese government forces and the indigenous population, the region has been in a state of humanitarian emergency since 2003. Particularly during the first two years of the conflict, tens if not hundreds of thousands of people were killed. Fighting continues between the Government and the other armed rebel groups, and 1.8 million people are estimated to be internally displaced.
In 2006, the African Union deployed a peacekeeping mission to Sudan, which was replaced in 2008 by the unprecedented joint African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID) - the largest peacekeeping mission in the world at the time. UNAMID was established on 31 July 2007 with the adoption of Security Council resolution 1769 and it’s mandate has been extended since then on several occasions. UNAMID has the protection of civilians as its core mandate, but is also tasked with contributing to security for humanitarian assistance, monitoring and verifying implementation of agreements, assisting an inclusive political process, contributing to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law, and monitoring and reporting on the situation along the borders with Chad and the Central African Republic (CAR). Further information can be found here: www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/unamid/
The ADF provided specialist support personnel in operations, logistics and movements planning and served as UN Headquarters staff. No ADF personnel were deployed from August 2009 due to delays in the issue of visas by the Government of Sudan. This operation formally ceased in July 2011.
Deployed: The ADF maintained a commitment of up to 9 personnel to the African Union/United Nations Hybrid Operation in Darfur (UNAMID) under Operation Hedgerow.
Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 13 October 2008: Non-warlike Service.
Awards: Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp 'SUDAN' ; UNAMID Medal
ASM with Clasp 'SUDAN'