INTERNATIONAL KURDISH RELIEF OPERATION

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Operation HABITAT (Iraq)

Australian Deployment Dates: 1 May 1991 to 30 June 1991.

Strength: 75 ADF personnel.

Area of Operations (AO): Iraq and in the area of Turkey south of latitude 38° north.

Purpose: Following the cease fire between Coalition military forces and Iraq, Resolution 688 authorised humanitarian assistance to Kurdish refugees in northern Iraq. The Kurds had for many decades been persecuted by the regime of Saddam Hussein and required urgent humanitarian assistance.

Comments: 72 Army and 3 RAAF medical, dental, engineering and logistics personnel were deployed to Turkey and Iraq to assist Kurdish refugees. Although this was a humanitarian mission, elements of the ADF were engaged by Iraqi Republican Guard units which had retreated from the the border of Saudi Arabia soon after the commencement of the Gulf War.

Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 19 July 2006 : Hazardous Service on or after 7 May 1991.

Awards & Qualifying Periods: Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp 'IRAQ'. Alloted/ Assigned 30 days; Visitor/ TDY - 30 days.
ASM 1988

ASM with Clasp
'IRAQ'