Australia: 10 Apr 2005 – 9 July 2011.
AO: Sudan and its territorial waters and superjacent airspace & South Sudan.
Background: The latest north-south civil war in Sudan began in 1983, following the breakdown of the 1972 Addis Ababa agreement. For more than two decades, the Government and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM/A), the main rebel movement in the south, fought over resources, power, the role of religion in the state, and self-determination. Over two million people died, four million were uprooted and some 600,000 people fled the country as refugees.
The UN Security Council, by its resolution 1590 (2005) of 24 March 2005, authorised establishment of the United Nations Mission in the Sudan (UNMIS) to support implementation of the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed by the Government of Sudan and the Sudan People's Liberation Movement/Army (SPLM) on 9 January 2005; and to perform certain functions relating to humanitarian assistance, and protection and promotion of human rights. UNMIS provided good offices and political support to the parties, monitored and verified their security arrangements and assisted in a number of other areas, including governance, recovery and development.
The tasks of UNMIS, among others, were: to support implementation of the CPA; to facilitate and coordinate, within its capabilities and in its areas of deployment, the voluntary return of refugees and internally displaced persons and humanitarian assistance; to assist the parties in the mine action sector; to contribute towards international efforts to protect and promote human rights in the Sudan.
The referendum to determine the status of Southern Sudan was held on schedule in January 2011, with the overwhelming majority, 98.83% of participants, voting for independence. On 9 July 2011 the Republic of South Sudan became the newest country in the world as the culmination of the six-year peace process.
The mandate of UNMIS ended on July 9th following the completion of the interim period set up by the Government of Sudan and SPLM during the signing of the CPA on 9 January 2005. In adopting resolution 1996 (2011) on 8 July 2011, the Security Council determined that the situation faced by South Sudan continued to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region and established the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) to consolidate peace and security and to help establish conditions for development. Further information can be found here: www.un.org/en/peacekeeping/missions/past/unmis/
Australia’s contribution to UNMIS under Op AZURE transitioned to the new United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS) under Op ASLAN.
Deployed: The ADF contingent of 17 included six military observers and 11 other personnel who specialise in air movements, aviation safety and logistics support.
Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 8th December 2005: Non-warlike Service. Covered under the provisions of the MRCA 2004 for death, injury or illness. Uganda 'Peacetime'.
Awards: Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp 'SUDAN' ; UNMIS Medal
ASM with Clasp 'SUDAN'