THE ADF CONTRIBUTION TO THE AUSTRALIAN-LED REGIONAL ASSISTANCE MISSION TO THE SOLOMON ISLANDS (RAMSI).Operation ANODE
Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI) was an Australian-led peacekeeping mission that included assistance from 15 nations and supported the rebuilding of peace and stability in the Solomon Islands. RAMSI succeeded the International Peace Monitoring Team (IPMT), aka Operation PLUMBOB, to the Solomon Islands. RAMSI's assistance was known as Operation HELPEM FREN (Pidgin English for 'Helping Friend'). RAMSI officially closed on 30 June 2017 after nearly 14 years of assistance provided to the Solomon Islands Government.
In December 2004, Australian Protective Service Officer Adam Dunning was shot and killed in an ambush near Honiara – and, in March 2005, Australian Army Private Jamie Clarke died after falling into a cave while searching for weapons caches in Central Guadalcanal. More than 25 Participating Police Force personnel were also injured in riots in April 2006.
RAMSI's mission was to assist the Government of Solomon Islands in the maintenance of security, law and justice, economic governance and improving the machinery of government. After a successful 10-year ADF commitment, RAMSI transitioned to a policing-only mission in July 2013, working in partnership with the Royal Solomon Islands Police Force to progress the organisation into a modern, effective and independent police force with the confidence and support of the community. Australia lead the Mission and contributed ninety-five per cent of its funding. More information on the AFP commitment to RAMSI can be found here:
AO: The total land areas, territorial waters and superjacent airspace boundaries of the Solomon Islands.
The ADF contribution to RAMSI (Operation ANODE) : 24 Jul 2003 – 1 August 2013.
Deployed: A total ADF Deployment strength of approximately 7,270 personnel deployed to OPERATION ANODE since 2003 culminating in over 10 years of military Peacekeeping Service. Of the total number of ADF personnel deploying to RAMSI, approximately 2,112 personnel were Australian Army Reservists.
The deployment of ADF personnel was at the invitation of the Government of Solomon Islands and aimed to ensure the continued success of RAMSI in improving law and order in Solomon Islands. The Australian-led Combined Task Force known as CTF635 included rotations of Defence Force personnel from New Zealand, Tonga, and Papua New Guinea.
Since the forming of RAMSI in 2003, the number of Australian troops in support varied depending on the security situation at the time. After the rioting that followed the April 2006 general elections, RAMSI military personnel continued their contribution to maintaining security in Solomon Islands. Force elements of Combined Task Force 635 (CTF635) comprised a Multi-national Headquarters and an Infantry Company with: one platoon from the ADF; one platoon rotating between the New Zealand Defence Force and ADF every eight months; and one platoon rotating between Papua New Guinea and Tonga every four months. The main task for the military component was to respond to incidents beyond the capabilities of the Royal Solomon Islands Police Force (RSIPF) and RAMSI's multi-national Participating Police Force (PPF) as well as supporting the PPF by accompanying them on patrols throughout various areas of the Solomon Islands and undertaking other security type tasks as requested.
The Australian Federal Police (AFP) led the PPF, which comprised of more than 250 personnel from 15 Pacific Island Nations, with Australia providing the largest contingent of personnel. Another Force Element was the Capacity Building of the RISPF and PPF to respond to public order.
Specialist military staff in RAMSI's headquarters were also deployed to coordinate the multi-national military effort with the PPF as well as provide communications, information systems and logistics support.
The ADF support to RAMSI ceased on 1 July 2013. A Defence element remained in the Solomon Islands to prepare military equipment to return to Australia and returned home by 1 August 2013.
Killed: AFP: 1 [Protective Service Officer Adam Dunning – 22 December 2004]. ADF: 1 [Private Jamie Clarke – 10 March 2005 ].
Veterans’ Entitlements Determination dated 31 July 2003: Non-warlike Service.
Awards: Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp 'SOLOMON IS II'.
ASM with Clasp
'SOLOMON IS II'