3rd COUNTRY DEPLOYMENTS IN THE MIDDLE EAST: 1991 - 2003
ADF Pers Attached to U.S. & U.K. units Enforcing No-fly Zones
Operations JURAL, PROVIDE COMFORT, BOLTON, SOUTHERN WATCH & NORTHERN WATCH
Area of Operations (AO): Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia and Turkey.
Purpose: Following the surrender of Iraq to Coalition Forces on 28 February 1991, no-fly zones were established to prevent any remnants of the Iraqi Armed Forces from persecuting the Kurdish and Shia populations. Two zones were created; the Northern Zone to protect the Kurds, and the Southern to protect the Shia's. In addition to providing protection to these two minority groups, the no-fly zones covered the main ground and air supply routes into Iraq allowing for the interdiction of goods and materiel that were embargoed by U.N. sanctions.
Comments: Members of the ADF posted or on exchange to units of the US and UK Air Forces participated in the enforcement of the no-fly zones. This was not restricted to aircrew but ground support crews as well. It is not known how many members of the ADF were involved in all of the listed Operations.
Veteran Entitlement Act (VEA) : Schedule 2; See below for Warlike Service. Schedule 3; See below for Non-warlike Service.
Service Type: Warlike - Op Jural in Iraq 30 June 1991 to 12 January 2003; Op Provide Comfort in Iraq 11 August 1991 to 15 December 1996; Op Bolton in Iraq 31 August 1992 to 12 January 2003; Op Southern Watch in Iraq 31 August 1992 to 12 January 2003; Op Northern Watch 1 January 1997 to 12 January 2003.
Non-warlike - Op Bolton in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Turkey 13 May 1999 to 12 January 2003; Op Southern Watch in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Turkey 23 September 1999 to 12 January 2003.
Gazette: S64 of 28 Feb 02 amended by PERS DSC 006 07
Awards & Qualifying Periods:
- Australian Active Service Medal (AASM) with Clasp 'IRAQ'. Posted - 1 day / 1 sortie; Visitor / TDY - N/A. For listed Warlike Service.
- Australian Service Medal (ASM) with Clasp 'IRAQ'. Posted - 30 days; Visitor / TDY - N/A. For listed Non-warlike Service.
AASM with Clasp 'IRAQ' |
ASM with Clasp 'IRAQ'